Neither was it a car bombing, nor was it a hit and run or an ambush Music. This was a drone terror attack, the first incident of its kind in india. Two drones carrying explosives entered the high security technical area of air force station satwari, located in the northern region of jammu at an aerial distance of 14 kilometers from the international border with pakistan. I’M definite, this is the first one, the first one of its kind that uh so called the terrorists had used a a lethal weapon and dropped in a on a very important military military base, not that it caused any damage, but it can have a very serious Impact, for example, if they choose a crowd if they choose a market and if it just dives in on to some innocent people – and you know there are lots of them – people can be injured or killed and whether they dare to use it if they use it, And what are we going to do about it? So so those are the questions. It was reported that these uavs were sent to target a helicopter hangar and an air traffic control system at the airport. But analysts say because of gps miscalculations, the weaponized flying machines missed their target. The explosions took place within a span of five minutes. The first blast ripped off the roof of a building at 1 37 am while the second one was on the ground at 1.
42. Am two indian air force personnel were injured in the explosions? I understand that this is the first kind of attack of that kind in india and it’s one of the first kind that is happening between countries, but it is important to understand that in the end of the day, after all, the dust will clear it’s. Yet just another tool and the same way, india knows how to claim to mediate risk of going through the borders, risks of tanks, risk of missiles. We need to understand how to mediate the risk of a drone, and then it will become yet just another tool in the toolbox. So far, nobody has taken responsibility yet for the bombing by drones, but intelligence and investigative agencies and their preliminary probe indicated the role of lashkar e toiba or l e t. The pakistan based islamist terrorist organization within 24 hours of this attack. Two separate drone activities were reported over the ratnucha kaluchak military area in the region, prompting army sentries to open fire at them, forcing them to fly away. Dwan technology is simpler, cheaper and must much more efficient than a lot of other wafer capabilities. The drones being based on electromagnetic and technological solutions are quite short term. Unlike a missile where you can send the countries away, you need to be quite close, so it’s, not that new delhi, chennai or anything that is not very close to the border is in danger. Yet, therefore, we need to find a way as a border control solution to expand those kind of levels to an electromagnetic digital level.
Following the attack, india told the u.n general assembly that the possible use of weaponized drones for terror activities calls for serious attention. The special secretary of ministry of home affairs said, and we quote, being a low cost option and easily available utilization of these aerial. Subsurface platforms for sinister purposes by terrorist groups such as intelligence, collection, weapon, explosives, delivery and targeted attacks have become an imminent danger and challenge for security agencies worldwide. This is not the first time these new age machines have threatened india’s security over the past two years. Drones have been deployed regularly by pakistan based outfits to smuggle arms ammunition and drugs into indian territory. The first incident emerged in august 2019 in punjab, when a crashed drone was found in a village in amritsar. In september 2020, terrorists arrested by security forces allegedly revealed that drugs and weapons were dropped in punjab in eight drone sorties. The figures are shocking. According to the indian government, 167 drone sightings were recorded along with the border with pakistan in 2019 and 77. Such sightings were reported in 2020 with the latest attack. It has become clear that drones are the next gen security challenge for india and a favored instrument of pakistan based terror groups. We have to have a detection system not so much to engage uh those little uh drone flying around like a little uh. What you call like a bird or something, but where are they launching it from if i? If, if, if i have to say that i’ll say i’ll target those those points and how do we know where, where are they operating from, that is for our intelligence or what you call special system detection system, for example wave in my my in my time, we Use, for example, aerostat radars.
You know that the big radar, which is hangs some 10 15 000 feet that can pick up quite far ahead i’m sure they can have an optical system i’m sure there are many many things which can be carried by a balloon or some high tower, and so Basically, we have to detect where these are coming from today we have excellent capabilities to pick up things at night i’m sure they have a system. All of us know that drones are bringing a revolutionary change in various sectors, from military to surveillance, to commercial applications. Uavs have tremendous potential, the uses are infinite, but so are the chances of misuse. While the us army deploys drones against isis and other terror groups in iraq and afghanistan, isis too regularly uses drones to attack us and iraqi forces. In fact, u.s armies have battled isis drones in iraq several times and coalition forces in iraq often hit uav factories. Iraqi special forces, too have been filmed shooting at grenade. Launching and mortar dropping drones in southeast mosul. In 2019, 10 explosive drones attacked the world’s largest oil refinery in saudi arabia, disrupting the heart of the kingdom’s oil industry. Yemen’S houthi rebel group claimed responsibility. Saudi arabia’s missile defense system failed to stop the swarm of drones and cruise missiles that struck the oil infrastructure. These attacks left the world stunned Music. All of us are familiar with these visuals. This is the impressive iron dome used by israel. During its 11 day, conflict with hamas, hamas had fired hundreds of qassam rockets at israel, which the iron dome interceptor system, largely neutralized, Music Music.
They also launched a small kamikaze drone or loitering munition known as shahab an unmanned aircraft packed with explosives and employed as a miniature cruise missile Music. While the iron dome can track some rockets in flight, drones are harder for it to intercept their accuracy. Longer range ability to fly, unpredictable trajectories and dip below radar coverage make them more dangerous. It’S, not the drone terror age, but it is the age where terror uses drones and therefore we need to utilize a equipment to stop that. Look at the 11 day wall that we’ve had in may here in israel, a very unfortunate war. Hamas has utilized drones again and again and again, but it was one part of the whole puzzle. It didn’t even came to the news. In 2018, an assassination attempt by drones took place in venezuela. Two drones packed with explosives, flew towards the venezuelan precedent. Both the drones were packed with around one kilogram of plastic explosives. Each one of the drones was set to explode above the president, while the second was set to detonate in front of him, but the vigilant venezuelan military foiled, the plot just before it was to take place. The military knocked one of the drones off course electronically. The second drone crashed into an apartment, building about two blocks from where maduro was speaking. While the assassination attempt was unsuccessful, it raised the heckles of security agencies around the world, especially in a country like india, where terrorist threats are always imminent.
Let’S take a look at how countries are tackling the growing menace of terror drones, Music. This is a viral video from 2015 from the united states an 18 year old man faced the heat after he posted a video that showed shots being fired from a drone that had been rigged with a handgun. A resident of clinton, connecticut austin hallwood, had created the drone with the help of his professor, the 14. Second video shows a four propeller drone with a semi automatic, handgun strapped on top hovering, as it fires four shots in a wooded area, but austin didn’t stop here. Just a year later, he posted another video of a drone attached with a flamethrower roasting, his favorite meat, turkey. The federal aviation authority did not take kindly to his innovation and opened an investigation into whether the teenager had broken any laws. He was expelled from the central connecticut state university over the threat of gun violence in his defense. The young man argued that he did these stunts just for fun and did not violate any rules. In 2019, connecticut supreme court upheld his expulsion, and this is where the problem arises. There are loose ends in rules and regulations regarding drones in most countries in the same country where austin was expelled, a flamethrower drone attachment is being sold online by company throw flame, and that too, without any background checks according to the company’s website. Anyone in the us can buy the unit as flamethrower drones are federally legal and not considered weapons.
The attachment can be used for agricultural burns to melt snow or for pyrotechnics, but is there a need to attach a flame thrower to a drone? Look at this video in the united states, farmers have been using flame, weeding a thermal technique to kill weed, although it is not quite clear how effective this method is compared to others. Flame throwing tractors have been built specifically for it, but can a flamethrower drone replace flame, weeding that’s debatable as it can also lead to other disasters such as bush fires, Music. Interestingly, fire departments are also using drones to fight wildfires and document the devastating aftermath of such incidents. Music. Last year in central china, a drone was converted into a flying flame thrower to destroy 100 wasp nests. Just imagine how dangerous this device would be if it ends up in the hands of miss queens Music. So how do we tackle such threats? Let’S take a look at what the united states is doing to fly a drone for commercial purposes in the u.s. You must obtain a remote pilot certificate from the faa. The drone enthusiast must be able to read, speak, write and understand english. He or she must be at least 16 years old and should be in a physical and mental condition to safely operate. Small uavs, the person must pass an aeronautical knowledge test and it’s mandatory to undergo transportation safety administration security screening. If there are any discrepancies, officials should be alerted Music.
The regulations for flying unmanned aerial vehicles keeps changing. For example, in 2016 the connecticut house of representatives considered legislation to impose restrictions on drone weaponization. After austin’s videos went viral. In december 2019, the faa proposed a rule requiring all unmanned aircraft systems to be equipped with a device to identify them. A year later, in december 2020, the faa announced the system, remote identification or remote id would be required in 30 months, with the growing use of armed drones in international warfare police in seoul conducted anti drone drills. Recently, the exercise showcased three attack scenarios, two of them involving special forces, responding to simulated explosives and chemical attacks from a drone with police using a weapon to jam. The attack uav’s signals. The third demonstrated how a police drone perform reconnaissance work. There are terror, attacks using drones, happening periodically around the world, and we have seen appearances of unauthorized drones gradually increasing in seoul. Therefore, we planned this drill, as there are growing threats of a new type of terrorism against the city of seoul, such as terrorism, with explosives or chemicals. Using rules jammers are commonly used to counter drone terrorism. Signal jammers were also used effectively in september 2019. In britain, when climate change activists tried to disrupt flights at the heathrow airport, the protesters wanted to fly drones close to the airport and prevent planes from using the runways. But this attempt was thwarted by the airport authorities, who made their combating technology more stringent.
Following the 2018 gatwick airport drone incident and 2019 january heathrow airport shutdown in both these incidents, hundreds of flights were halted after reported sightings of drones. After these events, heathrow airport has brought in a system designed to block drones from entering its airspace. The frequency counter uav solution, which is one of the anti drone systems used by the airport, fuses. Multiple sensors and visual observations to ensure the country’s busiest airfield remains free from unauthorized drone activity, so signals in the end of the day are all the same. Whether it’s wi, fi, radio or whatnot, now think of you driving in a car and reach your perfect bollywood channel okay on oval fm radio, but then somebody else is trying to send. I don’t know israeli music, any gems, and you all you get. Is this sound? This is exactly the technology behind the signal. Jammer, a drone is usually connected to a command and control center that sends information over airborne signals to tell him what to do. Turn left turn right, shoot that person etc. If we can identify the signal array, the ether of on which the information is being sent and then jam it using different information, we will create the the his sound to the drone and then he will be left useless and how about trapping drones without using any Gps or any other technology for that matter in france and the netherlands golden eagles have been trained to take down many unmanned helicopters that stray and to secure airspace watch it to believe it meet.
Arthos, portos, armis and dartanyan. These four french army winged recruits have got high altitude training for years to hunt down drones, Music. We chose golden eagles for their strength, their size. The drones we target were between two to four kilograms, so they are relatively heavy and dangerous it’s. The only word that can intervene on this type of prey the program started after drones, were spotted over a number of restricted sites, including new, clear facilities, Music. It is also reported that india, too, will be taking the help of birds of prey. The integrated intelligence training academy in the indian state of telangana is training these avions to neutralize drones during vip vvip visits programs in the future Music, be it the united states, israel or russia. Countries across the globe are investing in different kinds of anti drone technologies, though the united states has been using uavs to carry out drone strikes to kill terrorists and other enemies. It has also increased its effort to enhance counter drone technologies to destroy or deter quadcopters and other unmanned systems that pose a threat to troops and bases overseas Music. This is a net gun. Armed multicopter called drone catcher. It can safely remove illicit drones from the air. The catcher detects an illegal drone with the help of multiple on board sensors. Once the target is identified, the quadcopter eventually takes down the drone with a net, and then there are drone guns. This gun doesn’t shoot bullets, but it takes down drones by blasting frequency waves.
With minimal technical training required, drone guns can shoot down targets in a long range. Recently, belgian security personnel were seen carrying anti drone guns. As president joe biden met with his majesty king, philip king of the belgians, at the royal palace in brussels, many kinds of drone guns are available in the market, and these countermeasure guns are always on the security checklist for high profile. Events such as g7 or g20 meets Music, but the most effective way to counter illegal uavs is the anti drone system. According to reports, anti drone systems will soon be deployed at various military bases in jumbo and kashmir. This anti drone system is developed by the defense, research and development organization or drdo and is likely to be used in the region. For now, drdo has transferred the technology to the defense, psu bharat electronics limited for the production of the system. So how will this anti drone technology help in securing sensitive zones? The system uses a laser based, kill mechanism to detect and destroy the drones in the air. It has the capability of detecting and neutralizing uavs and comes with a radar system that offers 360 degree coverage. Will anti drone systems help counter the exponential proliferation of rogue drones to a large extent? Yes, but this is a global problem and there is a pressing need for enhanced international cooperation to deal with these new weapons of terror.